Ankle and Foot Specialists
of Douglas and Cobb County

 


ANKLE SPRAINS
healing for ankle sprainYour doctor will look at your ankle and ask about your symptoms. You may also have x-rays to rule out a broken bone. Treatment will depend on how bad your sprain is. For a severe sprain, healing may take 3 months or more.

Symptoms
Your symptoms depend on how badly the ligaments are damaged. You may have little pain and swelling if the ligaments are only stretched. If the ligaments tear, you will have more pain and swelling. The more severe the sprain, the less you’ll be able to move the ankle or put weight on it. The ankle may also turn black-and-blue and the bruising may extend into the foot and leg.


BUNIONSheel pain
Your doctor can tell if you have a bunion from the look and feel of your big toe. In some cases, you may have x-rays to rule out arthritis. Although a bunion won't go away, wearing shoes that fit properly will often relieve the pain. Padding and icing the bunion may also help. Orthotic control is always necessary to control and stop the progression of the bunion. Bunions that remain painful may need surgery.

Symptoms
A bunion often causes pain and swelling around the joint at the base of the big toe. The skin may become red or warm. If the big toe pushes under the second toe, a painful corn may form on the top of the second toe. In some cases, bunions cause no symptoms other than making the foot harder to fit in a shoe.

HEEL PAIN
Wearing shoes with poor support and no cushioning can irritate the tissue in the foot known as the plantar fascia. Being overweight or standing for long periods of time can also irritate this tissue. Any sport or activity that puts stress on the foot can cause tears in the plantar fascia and even fractures in the heel bone.

Symptoms
You may feel pain on the bottom or on the inside edge of your heel. The pain may be sharp when you get out of bed or when you stand up after sitting for a while. You may feel a dull ache in your heel after you've been standing for a long time on a hard surface. Running can also cause a dull ache. If a nerve is irritated, you may feel burning or a shooting pain in your heel.


METATARSALGIA
Metatarsalgia is often caused by wearing shoes with thin soles and high heels. This puts extra pressure on the bones in the ball of the foot. Standing or walking on a hard surface for long periods also puts added pressure on the bones, causing pain. The pain can occur under any of the five metatarsal bones. Bent or twisted toes and bunions can make the problem worse. So can being overweight. Sometimes high arches or arthritis can also cause metatarsalgia.

Symptoms
The most common symptom of metatarsalgia is pain in the ball of the foot. it may feel as if you have a stone in your shoe. The ball of the foot may also become red and inflamed, and a callus may form under the end of the metatarsal bone.

 

 


neuromaNEUROMA
Your doctor diagnoses a neuroma by checking your foot. Treatment may include wearing wider shoes, soaking or icing the foot, and putting a special pad in your shoe. You may also be given medication. These steps most often relieve the pain. If not, your doctor may suggest surgery to cut the ligament or remove the nerve.

Symptoms
The most common symptom of a neuroma is pain in the ball of the foot between two toes. The pain may be dull or sharp. It may feel as if you have a stone in your shoe. You may also have tingling or numbness in one or both of the toes. Symptoms may occur after you have been walking or standing for awhile. Taking off your shoes and rubbing the ball of your foot may relieve the pain.

 


TOES
Your doctor will examine your feet carefully. He or she will check for corns and calluses and bend your toes to see if the joints are still flexible. You may also have x-rays to rule out arthritis. Buying shoes with more room in the toes, filing down corns and calluses, and padding the toe most often relieves the pain. If these steps don't work, you may need surgery to straighten the toes.

Symptoms
You may feel pain in the toe or in the ball of your foot. A corn (a hard growth of skin on the top of the toe) may form where the toe rubs against the top of the shoe or a callus (a hard growth of skin on the bottom of the foot) may form under the tip of the toe or on the ball of the foot. Corns and calluses can also be painful.

 


WARTS
A wart is an infection caused by a virus, which can invade your skin through small cuts or breaks. Over time, the wart develops into a hard, rough growth on the surface of the skin. A wart is most commonly seen on the bottom of the foot (plantar wart), but can also appear on the top. Children, teens, and people with allergies or weakened immune systems are more vulnerable to the wart virus.medication, curettage, laser - wart removal

Symptoms
Warts may appear spongy, with tiny red, brown, or black spots. They can grow up to an inch or more across, occurring alone (solitary) or with smaller warts clustered nearby (mosaic). Warts are sometimes mistaken for corns or calluses. They can persist for years and recur in the same spot. If left untreated, warts can spread to other parts of the foot or even to the hands or other areas of the body.


BLACK-AND-BLUE NAILS
A black-and-blue nail is usually caused by sudden or repetitive injury to a toe. This might occur during sports that involve running or stopping quickly, such as tennis or basketball. The injury may also result from a heavy object falling on a toe.

Symptoms
The big toe is most often affected. Bruised, broken blood vessels cause the black-and-blue colors under the nail. If the condition is the result of a sudden injury, pain may be severe.

 

INGROWN NAILS
An ingrown nail is the result of a nail growing into the skin that surrounds it. This often occurs at either edge of the big toe. Ingrown nails may be caused by improper trimming, inherited nail deformities, injuries, fungal infections, or pressure.

Symptoms
Ingrown nails may cause pain at the tip of the toe or all the way to the base of the toe.
The pain is often worse while walking. An ingrown nail may also lead to infection or inflammation. If it's infected, you might see pus or redness.

 


THICKENED NAILS
Abnormally thick or crumbling nails may be caused by injuries, pressure from shoes, fungal infections, or conditions such as diabetes, psoriasis, or vascular disease. Eventually, the nail may loosen and fall off.

Symptoms
Along with thickening, the nail may appear ridged, brittle, or yellowish. The nail may also feel painful when pressure is put on it.


 

 

 

 

Ankle & Foot Specialists | 3666 Highway 5 | Suite 101 | Douglasville, Georgia 30135 | Phone: (770) 942-3668 | Fax: (770) 920-9675 | E-Mail Us